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Introduction to the Text Culhwch ac Olwen is a Welsh story about a hero associated with Arthur and his warriors.  The story survives in only two manuscripts: a complete version in Llyfr Coch Hergest (Red Book of Hergest) c AD 1400, and a fragmented version in Llyfr Gwyn Rhydderch (White
When it comes to the Arthurian myths, there are hardly more important figures in the life of King Arthur than his own father, Uther Pendragon. He was one of the most legendary kings of the Roman-Britain kingdom and his legacy goes all the way back to very classic and old
Mount Etna holds a very special and unique place in the King Arthur mythos, which is why there are a few visions, interpretations and myths related to this location. There have been many debates about Mount Etna and the place that it holds in King Arthur’s legacy, but one of
The Welsh Triads are otherwise known as the Triads of the Island of Britain (Britain is also referred to as Prydain). The word Triads is gotten from the word “Tri” which means three. In literature the Triad is a rhetorical form whereby Items/ objects are grouped together in threes, with a
Avalon is an important location to those familiar with the Arthurian legends. In Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia Regum Britanniae, he described Avalon as an island where King Arthur’s sword, Excaliber, was forged and also where Arthur was taken after the battle of Camlann to have his wounds healed. Later the
It is a cryptic poem of sixty lines in Middle Welsh, found in Llyfr Taliessin (Book of Taliesin).  The text recounts an expedition with King Arthur to Annwn, the Welsh name for the “Celtic” Otherworld.  Preiddeu Annw(f)n is one of the best known of mediæval British poems.  English translations, in
Introduction to the Annales Cambriae The Annales are a complex of Cambro-Latin chronicles compiled or derived from diverse sources at Saint David’s in Dyfed, Wales.  The earliest is a Twelfth-Century AD presumed copy of a mid-Tenth Century AD original; later editions were compiled in the Thirteenth Century AD.  Despite the
Vortigern, called “Gurthigern” by monk Gildas, was a 5th century ruler known for inviting the Saxons to Britain in order to stop the Picts and Scots from their incursions and allowing them to control the land. Vortigern is not a name per se; it means “Supreme Lord”. His actual name
Morgause (also known as Mogawse) is a lesser known character in Arthurian lore, but one of particular importance in many versions. The Literary History of Morgause In the 11th century, Morgause was known only as Orcades which is linked to the Latin name for the Orkney Islands. This is where
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