Mesopotamian Mythology and Literature

Mesopotamian writing is among the oldest (if not the oldest) of all time. Its star hero, Gilgamesh, hailed as one of humanity’s greatest heroes in one of humanities first narratives. This is the Mesopotamian mythology and literature timeline.

What’s on the Mesopotamian Mythology timeline?

This timeline collects a number of stories related to Mesopotamian mythology and literature. It is not exclusive to mythological literature and includes a bit of other important texts that don’t count as narratives but are still important historically, such as the Code of Hammurabi.

We could not possibly be 100% thorough with this list of Mesopotamian texts, since doing so would require documenting literal thousands of tablets, many of which are just small fragments. Instead, this timeline tries to focus on the texts that either A) had important historical significance, or B) are among the more substantive writings. And naturally we try to focus mostly on texts with a narrative, though as mentioned above there are a few exceptions.

We also include more modern texts that are based on ancient Mesopotamian stories. These are not as numerous as, say, those based on Greek mythology, but there are a number of Gilgamesh-related stories in modern times, so we include those as well.

If you like this timeline, please visit our Mythology hub, which has links to other mythology and literature timelines, as well as an amalgamation of all of them together.

A note on sorting dates: For complicated sorting reasons, I’ve had to list dates that exist before the common era (BCE) in a unique fashion. I’ve added “00-” to the front, then subtracted the BCE date from 5000. So 1000 BCE would actually be listed as 00-4000. This may seem unnecessarily complicated, but it was the only way I could sort it in the proper order. The BCE dates are listed in the normal way if you click on the item.

entries

ChronologicalSeriesGetTitleTypeEditorReleased

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-3800

Modern Mesopotamian

Game

1984-06-01

Sumerian

Text

Enheduanna

00-2730

Modern Mesopotamian

Film

Brendan Cowles
Shane Kuhn

2012-01-17

Modern Mesopotamian

Film

Randall McCormick

2008-08-19

Modern Mesopotamian

Film

David Hayter
Stephen Sommers
William Osborne

2002-04-19

Bartimaeus Sequence

Junior Novel

Jonathan Stroud

2010-10-14

The Gilgamesh Trilogy

Novel

Ludmila Zeman

1993-09-30

The Gilgamesh Trilogy

Novel

Ludmila Zeman

1995-06-01

Modern Mesopotamian

Novel

Philip Roth

1973-01-01

Bartimaeus Sequence

Junior Novel

Jonathan Stroud

2004-01-01

Sumerian

Text

Enheduanna

00-2730

Sumerian

Text

Anonymous

00-2730

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-4000

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-3950

Bartimaeus Sequence

Junior Novel

Jonathan Stroud

2003-09-30

Sumerian

Text

Anonymous

00-2750

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-3500

Modern Mesopotamian

Play

Lord Byron

1834-04-10

Bartimaeus Sequence

Junior Novel

Jonathan Stroud

2005-09-01

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-3500

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-3600

Sumerian

Text

Anonymous

00-3000

Sumerian

Text

Anonymous

00-3000

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-3500

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-3050

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-3070

Sumerian

Text

Anonymous

00-3000

Sumerian

Text

Anonymous

00-2400

Sumerian

Text

Anonymous

00-2400

Sumerian

Text

Anonymous

00-2730

Sumerian

Text

Anonymous

00-2730

Sumerian

Text

Anonymous

00-2730

Sumerian

Text

Anonymous

00-2730

Sumerian

Text

Enheduanna

00-2730

Hittite

Text

Anonymous

00-3500

Modern Mesopotamian

Graphic Novel

Andrew Winegarner

2011-09-20

The Gilgamesh Trilogy

Novel

Ludmila Zeman

1993-06-28

Modern Mesopotamian

Novel

Robert Silverberg

1984-01-01

Modern Mesopotamian

Novel

Robert Silverberg

1986-01-01

Modern Mesopotamian

Novel

Brian Godawa

2012-11-01

Modern Mesopotamian

Graphic Novel

Jim Starlin

1989-01-01

Modern Mesopotamian

Graphic Novel

Jim Starlin

1989-01-01

Modern Mesopotamian

Graphic Novel

Jim Starlin

1989-01-01

Modern Mesopotamian

Graphic Novel

Jim Starlin

1989-01-01

Modern Mesopotamian

Novel

Joan London

2003-04-01

Modern Mesopotamian

Novel

Stephan Grundy

2000-10-03

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-3400

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-3220

Akkadian

Text

Anonymous

00-4100

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